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Piitaistakis Eagle Watch Site | Crowsnest Pass, Alberta

Outdoor Adventures, Wildlife Viewing Area
Rocky Mountain Eagle Foundation Research Director Peter Sherrington atop Piitaistakis Ridge, Spring 2009. – David Thomas

Best Times of the Day for Viewing

Daylight hours on sunny days. Binoculars are suggested although they can generally be seen with the naked eye.

Driving Directions

To reach the crest of the Livingstone Range and the eagle viewing site requires a hike of approximately 2 km up a forested ridge. There are no formal trails, although there are some game and cow trails leading in the general direction. There is also a gas pipeline access road that may be hiked up to the ridge.

For more information on how to get to the eagle viewing site, check in with the staff at the Frank Slide Interpretive Centre. The route to the Livingstone Range viewing site branches off the Frank Slide Interpretive Centre road at the hairpin turn approximately 1 km from Highway 3 (Crowsnest Highway) at Frank in the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass. A rough dirt track leads from the Frank Slide Centre road in the general direction of the Livingstone Range - the ridge that is directly ahead. Follow the dirt track (or one of its subsidiaries) to its conclusion, whereupon you must trudge up the hillside to the ridgetop straight ahead.

The Rocky Mountain Eagle Research Foundation viewing site is approximately 1/2 kilometre east of the gap in the Livingstone Range where the gas pipeline road crosses the ridge.

Overview of this Wildlife Watching Landscape

There is a single ridge in the Rocky Mountains used by thousands of migrating eagles as the navigational pivot of their annual migrations. Accessible by foot, the Piitaistakis Ridge is the geological tailbone of an unbroken spine of mountains descending from the Far North to Crowsnest Pass, Alberta. A one-hour hike will lift you to where you may quite literally have to duck to avoid being clipped by a huge eagle intent on catching the updraft formed by the westerly wind smacking against the ridge.

In spring, from throughout the eastern foothills and valleys of the U.S. Rocky Mountain West, the birds funnel towards Piitaistakis Ridge. From there, they share the same narrow updraft along the Front Ranges of the Canadian Rockies to their northern breeding ranges in Yukon and Alaska. In fall, adults, juveniles and the young of the year reverse the flight path south to Piitaistakis Ridge, from where they break formation to disperse among the foothills and valleys of the American Rockies.

It was only in 2006 that naturalist Peter Sherrington scientifically documented this migration landmark previously remembered only in its Pikanii Blackfoot name meaning "Place of the Eagles." A windy day spent atop Piitaistakis Ridge with Sherrington towards the end of the spring 2009 migration provided a privileged panorama of the folded foothills and flat prairie to the east, and the ragged peaks of the Rockies to the west. It also revealed the maturing Research Director of the Rocky Mountain Eagle Research Foundation ( to be as dedicated and enthusiastic as ever in his chronicling of the migration. Sherrington expressed childlike delight as the last bird of the day, a big, young golden eagle, chose a close-by flight line set against the white peaks of the Flathead Range. Even through ordinary binoculars, it was a sight equal to the best of David Attenborough's, "BBC nature spectaculars." That, "Sherrington exulted,"was worth the entire day."

The watch site is difficult to access in spring and the weather is reliably cold and wet. Plan instead to experience the fall migration when the birds are more concentrated and the weather is more agreeable. Ask at Frank Slide Interpretive Centre, just off Highway 3 in Crowsnest Pass, for precise directions.

The Crowsnest Conservation Society leads a one-day Eagle Fest hike to Piistaistakis Ridge in mid-September. Contact [email protected].

Places and Pointers for Viewing

Looking west from anywhere along the crest of the Livingstone Range will provide a great view of the golden eagle migration route. Finding the Rocky Mountain Eagle Research Foundation viewing site above Bellevue will inevitably bring you in touch with a researcher, who will be able to give you greater insight to the significance of this migration route.

Type of Wildlife Often Seen

Golden eagles are the big star of the show, although other raptors are often seen. Bighorn sheep, deer, elk and the occasional black or grizzly bear can also be seen in the forests and along the ridges of the Livingstone Range.


Best Seasons and Months for Viewing

Late August through October. Poor weather will affect the migration and viewing.

Count Opportunities

2021 Spring Migration Count
At Mt. Lorette, Steeples, Beaver Mines
Mar 1 – April 22